Problems with Falls in the Elderly Population.

Problems with Falls In Nursing Homes in New York City

 

Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries for older Americans. Falls threaten seniors’ safety and independence and generate enormous economic and personal costs.

Falls are the leading cause of death, injury and hospital admissions among the elderly population. In fact, one out of every four seniors falls every year. Each year, more than 2.8 million fall-related injuries are treated in emergency rooms.

However, falling is not an inevitable result of aging. Through practical lifestyle adjustments, evidence-based falls prevention programs, and clinical-community partnerships, the number of falls among seniors can be substantially reduced.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

One-fourth of Americans aged 65+ falls each year.
Every 11 seconds, an older adult is treated in the emergency room for a fall; every 19 minutes, an older adult dies from a fall.
Falls are the leading cause of fatal injury and the most common cause of nonfatal trauma-related hospital admissions among older adults.
Falls result in more than 2.8 million injuries treated in emergency departments annually, including over 800,000 hospitalizations and more than 27,000 deaths.

Several factors contribute to the fact that seniors fall so much more frequently than younger people:

Lack of Physical Activity. Failure to exercise regularly results in poor muscle tone, decreased bone mass, loss of balance and reduced flexibility.

Impaired Vision. This includes age-related eye diseases, as well as not wearing glasses that have been prescribed.

Medications. Sedatives, anti-depressants, anti-psychotic drugs, and taking multiple medications can all increase the risk of falling.

Diseases. Health conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and arthritis cause weakness in the extremities, poor grip strength, balance disorders and cognitive impairment.
Surgery. Hip replacements and other surgeries can leave an elderly person weak, in pain and discomfort, and less mobile than they were before the procedure. This can be temporary while a patient heals or a new and lasting problem.

Environmental Hazards. One-third of all falls in the elderly population involve hazards at home. Factors include poor lighting, loose carpets and lack of safety equipment.
In spite of these risk factors, falls are not an inevitable part of growing older. Many falls can be prevented by making homes safer and using mobility products that help keep seniors more stable.

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Prevalence of Heart Failure in the Elderly

Prevalence of Heart Failure in the Elderly

The prevalence of heart failure (HF) increases with age. While clinical trials suggest that contemporary evidence-based HF therapies have reduced morbidity and mortality, these trials largely excluded the elderly. Questions remain regarding the clinical characteristics of elderly HF patients and the impact of contemporary therapies on their outcomes.

In heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough blood through the body. The heart cannot fill with enough blood or pump with enough force, or both. Heart failure develops over time as the pumping action of the heart gets weaker. It can affect either the right, the left, or both sides of the heart. Heart failure does not mean that the heart has stopped working or is about to stop working.

Heart failure can also be called congestive heart failure, systolic heart failure, diastolic heart failure, left-sided heart failure, or right-sided heart failure. In most cases, heart failure affects the left side of the heart when it cannot pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body. When heart failure affects the right side, the heart cannot pump enough blood to the lungs, where it picks up oxygen.

Regardless of the specific definition for elderly, it is clear that HF is primarily a condition of the older population in developed countries. Elderly HF patients demonstrate distinctive pathophysiological features, complex co-morbidity profiles, and unique issues of medication tolerance.

Some Major Social problems as we get older

Major Social problems as we get older

It is said that in 2050, the senior age population will increase over 88.5 million.

With the consistent research of medicines, it is expanding the life expectancy of everyone.
People are living longer and healthier lives which is allowing them to continue to work.
An advantage for an elder searching for a job is that there is a demand for experienced workers.

Safety and Security

Some problems with aging is elder abuse physical, sexual, psychological, financial, neglect, and abandonment.
Home, health care, and medical care are provided for patients who can not leave their home.
Short term aid is only available to patients with 6 months or less to live

Senior Care Behind Closed Doors

The quality of a nursing home depends on who is funding it.
State funded homes provide poorer care than those that are privately funded.
The Nursing Home Reform Act high lighted the abuse and neglect of residents in nursing homes across the United States.

Getting old isn’t nearly as bad as people think it will be. Nor is it quite as good.

On aspects of everyday life ranging from mental acuity to physical dexterity to sexual activity to financial security, a new Pew Research Center Social & Demographic Trends survey on aging among a nationally representative sample of 2,969 adults finds a sizable gap between the expectations that young and middle-aged adults have about old age and the actual experiences reported by older Americans themselves.

These disparities come into sharpest focus when survey respondents are asked about a series of negative benchmarks often associated with aging, such as illness, memory loss, an inability to drive, an end to sexual activity, a struggle with loneliness and depression, and difficulty paying bills. In every instance, older adults report experiencing them at lower levels (often far lower) than younger adults report expecting to encounter them when they grow old.1

At the same time, however, older adults report experiencing fewer of the benefits of aging that younger adults expect to enjoy when they grow old, such as spending more time with their family, traveling more for pleasure, having more time for hobbies, doing volunteer work or starting a second career.

Family Relationships

Staying in Touch with the Kids. Nearly nine-in-ten adults (87%) ages 65 and older have children. Of this group, just over half are in contact with a son or daughter every day, and an additional 40% are in contact with at least one child–either in person, by phone or by email–at least once a week. Mothers and daughters are in the most frequent contact; fathers and daughters the least. Sons fall in the middle, and they keep in touch with older mothers and fathers at equal rates. Overall, three-quarters of adults who have a parent or parents ages 65 and older say they are very satisfied with their relationship with their parent(s), but that share falls to 62% if a parent needs help caring for his or her needs.

Was the Great Bard Mistaken? Shakespeare wrote that the last of the “seven ages of man” is a second childhood. Through the centuries, other poets and philosophers have observed that parents and children often reverse roles as parents grow older. Not so, says the Pew Research survey. Just 12% of parents ages 65 and older say they generally rely on their children more than their children rely on them. An additional 14% say their children rely more on them. The majority–58%–says neither relies on the other, and 13% say they rely on one another equally. Responses to this question from children of older parents are broadly similar.

Transfers within Families.

Despite these reported patterns of non-reliance, older parents and their adult children do help each other out in a variety of ways. However, the perspectives on these transfers of money and time differ by generation. For example, about half (51%) of parents ages 65 and older say they have given their children money in the past year, while just 14% say their children have given them money. The intra-family accounting comes out quite differently from the perspective of adult children.

Among survey respondents who have a parent or parents ages 65 or older, a quarter say they received money from a parent in the past year, while an almost equal share (21%) say they gave money to their parent(s). There are similar difference in perception, by generation, about who helps whom with errands and other daily activities. (To be clear, the survey did not interview specific pairs of parents and children; rather, it contacted random samples who fell into these and other demographic categories.) Not surprisingly, as parents advance deeper into old age, both they and the adult children who have such parents report that the balance of assistance tilts more toward children helping parents.

 

End-of-Life Matters.

More than three-quarters of adults ages 65 and older say they’ve talked with their children about their wills; nearly two-thirds say they’ve talked about what to do if they can no longer make their own medical decisions, and more than half say they’ve talked with their children about what to do if they can no longer live independently. Similar shares of adult children of older parents report having had these conversations. Parents and adult children agree that it is the parents who generally initiate these conversations, though 70% of older adults report that this is the case, compared with just 52% of children of older parents who say the same.

Some of the issues with growing older.

Here are some of the issues with growing older.

The mental and physical burden of loneliness can have a big effect on a person especially for older adults. Usually defined as the perception of being isolated from significant others, whether friends or family, people feel lonely because of the gap between the kind of social relationships they would like to have and the ones they see themselves as having. Since nobody’s life is ever truly perfect, we all feel lonely from time to time, though the feeling is usually manageable and temporary.

Still, there are numerous studies showing the link between loneliness and the development of health problems, as well having a shorter lifespan. Along with depression and other psychological problems, chronic loneliness can also lead to sleep problems, hypertension, an impaired immune system, and the breakdown of the body’s endocrine system.

{ Senior Hug } Helps you find the best Nursing Homes in New York City

The problems associated with loneliness often grow worse with time due to the natural health problems that come with age. As a result, loneliness is frequently a chronic problem in older adults due to increasing health problems which can make it harder for them to stay socially active. Age-related medical issues can also lead to greater psychological distress, including depression, and this can lead to people feeling even lonelier. Medical problems such as arthritis, cardiovascular disease, or cancer, can make many older adults feel more disabled and helpless.

Growing older can also lead to a reduction in social support networks, whether through the death or illness of friends and family members, or through major life changes such as divorce or retirement. Losing this kind of emotional support can have a devastating impact on the ability of older adults to cope with stress. In many life-span developmental theories, old age is often the time when older adults are especially vulnerable to loneliness which, along with the strain of coping with chronic illness, could cause them to sink into a downward spiral of depression and despair from which they may never recover.

Along with the challenges that come with age however, there are also effective coping strategies that can help protect older adults and keep them from sinking into this downward spiral. According to the motivational theory of lifespan development proposed by Jutta Heckhausen and her colleagues, people can cope with stress life changes by engaging in either goal engagement strategies or self-protective strategies to build up a sense of control over their lives.

Goal-engagement involves expending time and energy to accomplish specific goals, whether through learning new skills or learning to compensate for health problems that may keep them from familiar activities. Using goal-engagement strategies also means finding the motivation to overcome obstacles instead of sinking into apathy or feeling helpless.

This in turn leads into the need for self-protective strategies to cope with the stress that can come with life changes. By recognizing the difference between attainable and unattainable goals, older adults can mentally prepare themselves to handle emotional distress, whether by reassuring themselves about their ability to accomplish realistic goals or by “disengaging” themselves from goals which are no longer attainable. As people grow older, accepting physical limitations and learning to compensate for them can be an important part of living well, even with chronic illness.

As one example, older adults who develop serious heart problems may become afraid of engaging in any sort of physical exertion, including sex, for fear that what might happen. Learning to accept these limitations and finding ways to work around them, whether by starting new hobbies that are less physically exhausting or finding new ways to do enjoyable activities can be an important part of staying active. Along with learning to attain health-related goals, it is also essential to overcome the low self-esteem and feelings of depression that can lead to becoming more isolated.

The best states for Nursing Homes in America

Check out the states with the best Nursing Homes and Assisted Living.

1. Maine (4.33 / 5.00 stars)
2. Utah (4.30 / 5.00 stars)
3. New Hampshire (4.23 / 5.00 stars)
4. Rhode Island (4.19 / 5.00 stars)
5. Alabama (4.13 / 5.00 stars)
6. Kansas (4.12 / 5.00 stars)
7. Kentucky (4.11 / 5.00 stars)
8. Tennessee (4.09 / 5.00 stars)
9. Delaware (4.08 / 5.00 stars)
10. Missouri (4.07 / 5.00 stars)
11. Idaho (4.07 / 5.00 stars)
12. South Carolina (4.05 / 5.00 stars)
13. Oklahoma (4.05 / 5.00 stars)
14. Louisiana (4.05 / 5.00 stars)
15. Colorado (4.04 / 5.00 stars)
16. Connecticut (4.03 / 5.00 stars)
17. Illinois (4.02 / 5.00 stars)
18. Nebraska (4.02 / 5.00 stars)
19. Arizona (4.02 / 5.00 stars)
20. Texas (4.01 / 5.00 stars)
21. New Jersey (4.01 / 5.00 stars)
22. Ohio (3.99 / 5.00 stars)
23. North Carolina (3.98 / 5.00 stars)
24. Oregon (3.97 / 5.00 stars)
25. New York (3.97 / 5.00 stars)
26. Georgia (3.97 / 5.00 stars)
27. Pennsylvania (3.96 / 5.00 stars)
28. Virginia (3.95 / 5.00 stars)
29. Wisconsin (3.95 / 5.00 stars)
30. Michigan (3.94 / 5.00 stars)

 

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Some of the Problems with Getting Older

Some of the Problems with Getting Older

Because of various new medicines and surgical techniques, people are living longer.
The most widespread conditions affecting those 65 and older include arthritis, heart disease, stroke, cancer, pneumonia and the flu. Accidents, especially falls that result in hip fractures, are also unfortunately common in the elderly.

A lot of our elders are coping with at least one of the following conditions, and many are dealing with two or more of the following:

Heart conditions (hypertension, vascular disease, congestive heart failure, high blood pressure and coronary artery disease)

Osteoporosis
Diabetes
Frequent falls, which can lead to fractures
Parkinson’s disease

Dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease
Depression
Incontinence (urinary and bowel)
Arthritis
Cancer
Eye problems (cataracts, glaucoma, Macular Degeneration)
Weight loss
As the body changes, other things to be aware of are:

A slowed reaction time, which is especially important when judging whether a person can safely drive.
Thinner skin, which can lead to tears or wounds that heal very slowly.
A weakened immune system, which can make fighting off viruses, bacteria and diseases difficult.
A diminished sense of taste or smell, especially for smokers, which can lead to diminished appetite and dehydration.
The list can seem daunting. However, with proper care and support, elders can lead a life filled with joy.